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Toyota Landcruiser Diesel BJ HJ LJ series repair manual 1972-1990 Ellery NEW

The Toyota Land Cruiser is a series of four-wheel drive cars yielded by the Japanese vehicle creator Toyota. It is Toyota's greatest running series.

Production of the initially generation Land Cruiser started inside 1951 because Toyota's variation of the Jeep-like car. The Land Cruiser has been yielded inside convertible, hardtop, station wagon, plus utility truck versions. The Land Cruiser's dependability plus longevity has led with big recognition, incredibly inside South Sudan plus Australia where it's the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive car. Toyota moreover thoroughly tests the Land Cruiser inside the Australian outback regarded as among the toughest working conditions inside both temperature plus terrain. Main rivals include the Range Rover, Land Rover Discovery, Jeep Wrangler, Mitsubishi Pajero plus Nissan Patrol. In Japan, the Land Cruiser is exclusive with Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Store.The 70 Series is a family of Toyota Land Cruiser models yielded from 1984 till the modern. It changed the 25-year-old 40 Series because the off-road workhorse of the Land Cruiser history, whilst the 60 Series developed into more comfortable passenger off-road cars. Despite main changes inside styling plus many technological updates, the 70 Series was tailored with retain the off-road features plus toughness for that the 40 Series had become acknowledged. The 70 Series was advertised throughout the globe, except for nations like the USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil plus Korea.
Originally, model numbers 70 from 74 referred with the 2-door brief plus medium wheelbase versions. These were the successors of the well-known 40 Series, like the FJ40. Model numbers 75 from 77 referred with the long-wheelbase variation, that was obtainable in pick-up plus 2-door troop carrier models plus, inside a some markets, a 4-door wagon. These were the successors of the less-well recognized long-wheelbase 40 Series, like the FJ45. In 1999, Toyota introduced many changes plus changed the model designations, where the long-wheelbase models became the 78 plus 79. In 2007, the 76 was added, when the hot dual-cab models moreover share the 79 model designation. Short-wheelbase models are just inside creation now for a some select markets.

As with all Land Cruisers, the letters at the beginning of the model amount designate the engine of the car. Common machines inside the 70 series include the 3F petrol engine, the 2H diesel engine, the 1FZ petrol engine, the 1HZ diesel engine, plus many lately, the 1VD diesel engine. For a when the BJ73 Hardtop was obtainable in the Italian plus Spanish marketplace with a VM five-cylinder HR588 2.5-litre turbodiesel it the "B" prefix was used because considering the initially 4-cylinder diesel 70 series came with all the 3B.
The Toyota 1VD-FTV engine is the initial V8 diesel engine yielded by Toyota. It is a 32-Valve DOHC, with Common Rail gas injection plus either 1 or 2 Variable geometry turbochargers.
The single-turbo variant of the engine was initially employed inside Australia commencing March 2007, fitted with the 70-series Land Cruiser range. The engine is obtainable in Australia, India, Central plus South America.

The twin-turbo variant saw its initially utilize inside September 2007 fitted with the 200-series Land Cruiser wagon, that is obtainable in numerous worldwide markets. It is moreover installed inside certain variants of the Lexus LX570 wagon.
1984 1999: The 70 / 75 series Toyota Land Cruiser took over within the 40 / 45 series of workhorse four-wheel forces inside 1984. The styling maintained a family resemblance with the 40 / 45 series however became more angular. The 70 / 71 series was the short-wheelbase, the 73 / 74 was the medium-wheelbase as well as the 75 / 77 was the long-wheelbase. The latter came because cab-chassis/utility with a "panelled" tray, plus "troop carrier" hard-top. Toyota furthermore produced lighter duty versions which shared the 70 Series designation from 1985 with 1996, plus were advertised inside many components of the globe because the Bundera, the Prado, or the Land Cruiser II. Of these, the Prado name stuck, plus every modification took it further from its 70 Series origins. Starting inside 1997 the Prado was well-known as the 90 Series, plus had become a light-duty passenger 4x4 without connection with the 70 Series.

1999: The pick-up adaptation was designated the 79 series, the Troop Carrier became the 78 series, as well as the short-wheelbase variation was phased out inside many markets. The principal mechanical changes were: coil sprung live front axle; longer back leaf springs; 5-bolt wheels rather of 6-bolt wheels; redesigned steering wheel; redesigned front indicators; plus, inside the cab-chassis, a longer wheelbase, that improved the back storage ability.
The Toyota J40 is the model designation for a Toyota Land Cruiser 40 series made of 1960 till 1984. Most 40 series Land Cruisers were built because two-door cars with somewhat bigger dimensions than a Jeep CJ.

The model was accessible because the FJ40 series and BJ40/41/42, BJ43/44/46 or HJ45/47 designation where it had a Diesel engine. The Land Cruisers integrated Brazil from 1958 with 1962 received the series code FJ25 plus FJ25L however are usually called FJ-251, plus inside 1961 because of a fresh engine called 2F - to not be confounded with all the later 2F engine from 1975 - there nonetheless came out certain limited units with all the series code FJ-151L. With the model name changed with Bandeirante following 1961, those built from 1962 with 1993 - with Mercedes-Benz motors - received OJ50/55 series plus those built from 1994 with 2001 - with Toyota motors - BJ50/55 series model codes.

References with the series inside this particular article is with the J40 series except referring with among the petrol or diesel models particularly.

The J40/41/42 became a two-door brief wheelbase four-wheel-drive car, with either a soft or perhaps a hardtop. It was accessible with many petrol or diesel machines over its lifetime. It was changed about many markets from 1984 by the J70 series.
The FJ42 is 4X2 model, for just The Middle East.
The J43/J44/46 was a very uncommon two-door medium wheelbase four-wheel-drive car, with either a soft or perhaps a hard-top. It was changed about many markets from 1984 by the J70 series.
The J45/47 had been a long-wheelbase four-wheel-drive car, obtainable in two-door hardtop, three-door hardtop, four-door station wagon plus two-door pickup models. The four-door station wagon model was the shortest-lived of the J40 series, because it was changed by the FJ55G/V inside 1967.
The Bandeirante TB25/TB41/TB51 Series are J2 series integrated Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1962 with 1966/68. In 1966 they were changed by the OJ32 plus OJ31 for the TB25, as well as the TB81 for the TB51; for an unknown cause the TB41 might keep its J2 code till 1968 whenever Toyota do Brasil flipped within the J2 with the J3 series inside 1966.
The Bandeirante OJ40/OJ45 Series, OJ50/OJ55 Series plus BJ50/BJ55 Series are J4 series integrated Brazil by Toyota do Brasil Ltda from 1968 with 2001. Identical with the BJ40 inside virtually each regard, it had a limited stylistic modifications with the grille plus employed Mercedes-Benz OM-314/OM-324/OM-364 diesel motors for much of its creation life; another noticeable mayor characteristic are the whole hind doorways instead of the conventional Toyota two-wing hind doorways at the Bandeirante's difficult top models.

OJ55LP-B3 - Brief chassis-cab pickup - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - unique inside 19??
OJ55LP-BL - Long pickup with native bed - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - hot inside 19??
OJ55LP-BL3 - Brief chassis-cab pickup - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - brand-new inside 19??
OJ55LP-2BL - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-314 - hot inside 19??


OJ50L - Brief soft top bushdrive vehicle - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ50L with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ50LV - Brief difficult top bushdrive automobile - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ50LV with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ50LV-B - Long difficult top bushdrive vehicle - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ50LV-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-B - Brief pickup with native bed - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ55LP-B with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-B3 - Brief chassis-cab pickup - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ55LP-B3 with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-BL - Long pickup with native bed - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ55LP-BL with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-BL3 - Long chassis-cab pickup - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ55LP-BL3 with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor
OJ55LP-2BL - Long 2-door double cabin pickup with native bed - engine Mercedes-Benz OM-364 - replaces the OJ55LP-2BL with Mercedes-Benz OM-314 motor

The Land Cruiser 55 was yielded from 1967 with 1980. Toyota pertains with the FJ55G plus FJ55V because the initially "real" station wagon inside the Land Cruiser series, therefore marking the beginning of the station wagon branch. It was the initially Land Cruiser with have completely enclosed box frame members. Of all of the Land Cruiser wagons available inside the U.S., including the FJ45, it happens to be truly the only 1 not to have hatch plus tailgate inside the back, however quite a tailgate just with an electrically operated window which is retracted into the tailgate.

1967 Production of the FJ55 began. The FJ55 had been a 4-door station wagon adaptation based found on the FJ40's Drive-train, substituting the 4-Door FJ45V. It was colloquially termed as the "Moose". It has equally been called a "pig" or an "iron pig". The FJ55 had a longer wheelbase 2700 mm plus was crafted with be available inside North America plus Australia.
Jan 1975 saw the F engine changed by the 2F engine. Unusual for Toyota, the model didn't change.
Model 56 is within Japan just, with 2F engine
A front-mounted engine describes the location of a car engine inside front of the car passenger compartment.

Historically, this designation was selected whether or not the whole engine was behind the front axle line. In recent instances, the manufactures of certain vehicles have put into the designation with all the expression front-mid that describes a vehicle where the engine is within front of the passenger compartment however behind the front axle. Most pre-World War II front engine vehicles might qualify because front-mid engine, utilizing the front-mid designation, or found on the front axle.

This design is the many conventional shape, plus remains a prevalent, useful shape. The engine that takes up a lot of room is packaged inside a place travelers plus luggage usually wouldn't employ. The main deficit is fat distribution the heaviest component is at 1 end of the car. Car handling is not perfect, however commonly predictable.
The Land Cruiser 60 series was yielded from 1980 from 1990 for many markets however the Cumana Plant inside Venezuela continued till 1992 for their regional marketplace. It is a front engine, 4 door wagon that could seat five with 8 persons. Like all Land Cruiser decades, it really is popular inside the off-road planet for the off-road abilities nevertheless was somewhat limited by its awkward departure angles. The 60 series was obtainable in the following strong outdoor colors: Alpine White, Brown, Desert Beige, Freeborn Red, Royal Blue; plus inside the following metallic outdoor colors: Charcoal Gray, Cognac, Gray-Blue, Rootbeer, Sky Blue, Stardust Silver.

1980 The 60 series was introduced. While nevertheless keeping the tough off-road characteristics of past Land Cruisers, the 60 was tailored with better compete inside the emerging sport utility car marketplace. The 60 was provided a range of comforts like air conditioner, a back heater plus an upgraded interior. The FJ60's "2F" petrol engine was left unchanged within the "40" series when six-cylinder four.0 L 2H plus four-cylinder 3.4 L 3B diesel motors were put into the product line.
1981 Land Cruiser sales surpassed 1 million along with a high-roof adaptation was introduced. The 60 series was introduced with South Africa whenever a stock Land Cruiser competed inside the Toyota 1000 km Desert Race inside the punishing wilds of Botswana.
1984 This was the final year for the 40 series.
1984 Alongside the 60 series, the 70 series was introduced.
1985 The Direct-injection 12H-T turbodiesel engine was introduced.
1988 The petrol engine was upgraded with a four.0 L 3F-E EFI engine. The FJ62G VX-Series was introduced permitting the Land Cruiser with be available inside Japan because a passenger car.

Diesel machines are additionally yielded with 2 greatly different injection places. "Direct" plus "Indirect". Indirect injected machines put the injector inside a pre-combustion room inside the head that due with thermal losses commonly need the "glow plug" with begin plus high compression ratio. Usually inside the range of 21:1 with 23:1 ratio. Direct injected machines employ a commonly donut shaped combustion room void found on the top of the piston. Thermal efficiency losses are greatly lower inside DI machines that facilitates a much lower compression ratio usually between 14:1 plus 20:1 nevertheless many DI machines are closer with 17:1. The direct injected procedure is more internally violent and therefore needs cautious shape, plus more robust construction. The lower compression ratio additionally creates challenges for emissions due with partial burn. Turbocharging is very suited with DI motors because the low compression ratio facilitates meaningful forced induction, as well as the heighten inside airflow enables capturing more gas efficiency not just from more complete combustion, and from reducing parasitic efficiency losses whenever correctly operated, by widening both energy plus efficiency curves. The violent combustion task of direct injection furthermore creates more sound, yet contemporary designs utilizing "split shot" injectors or synonymous multi shot processes have dramatically amended this problem however, firing a tiny charge of gas before the primary delivery that pre-charges the combustion room for a less abrupt plus inside many instances somewhat cleaner burn.

A important component of all diesel machines is a mechanical or electronic governor that controls the idling speed plus maximum speed of the engine by controlling the rate of gas delivery. Unlike Otto-cycle motors, incoming air is not throttled along with a diesel engine without a governor cannot have a stable idling speed plus can overspeed, causing its destruction. Mechanically governed gas injection systems are driven by the engine's gear train. These systems utilize a mixture of springs plus weights with control gas delivery relative with both weight plus speed. Modern electronically controlled diesel motors control gas delivery by utilize of a electronic control component or electronic control device. The ECM/ECU receives an engine speed signal, in addition to alternative running parameters including consumption manifold stress plus gas temperature, from a sensor plus controls the amount of gas and begin of injection timing by actuators with maximize energy plus efficiency plus minimise emissions. Controlling the timing of the begin of injection of gas into the cylinder is a key with reducing emissions, plus maximizing gas economy, of the engine. The timing is calculated inside levels of crank angle of the piston before top dead centre. As an example, when the ECM/ECU initiates gas injection whenever the piston is 10° before TDC, the begin of injection, or timing, is mentioned with be 10° BTDC. Optimal timing depends the engine shape and its speed plus weight, plus is commonly 4° BTDC inside 1,350-6,000 HP, web, "medium speed" locomotive, sea plus stationary diesel machines.

Advancing the begin of injection results inside high in-cylinder stress plus temperature, plus high efficiency, and results inside improved engine sound due with quicker cylinder stress rise plus improved oxides of nitrogen formation due with high combustion temperatures. Delaying begin of injection causes incomplete combustion, reduced gas efficiency plus an heighten inside exhaust smoke, containing a considerable amount of particulate matter plus unburned hydrocarbons.
Diesel machines have many blessings over different internal combustion engines:

They burn less gas than a petrol engine operating the same function, due with the engine's high temperature of combustion plus better expansion ratio. Gasoline motors are usually 30% effective whilst diesel machines will convert over 45% of the gas power into mechanical vitality.
They do not have significant voltage electric ignition program, causing excellent dependability plus effortless adaptation with wet conditions. The absence of coils, spark connect cables, etc., moreover eliminates a source of radio frequency emissions that could interfere with navigation plus correspondence equipment, that is particularly significant inside sea plus aircraft applications.
The longevity of the diesel engine is usually regarding twice which of the petrol engine due with the improved strength of components chosen. Diesel fuel has greater lubrication qualities than petrol too. Indeed, inside device injectors, the gas is employed for 3 distinct purposes: injector lubrication, injector cooling plus injection for combustion.

Bus driven by biodiesel

Diesel gas is distilled straight from petroleum. Distillation yields several gasoline, however, the give will be inadequate without catalytic reforming, that is a more expensive procedure.
Diesel gas is considered safer than petrol inside numerous applications. Although diesel gas might burn inside open air utilizing a wick, it will likely not explode plus refuses to release a big amount of flammable vapor. The low vapor stress of diesel is incredibly advantageous inside sea applications, where the accumulation of explosive fuel-air mixtures is a certain risk. For the same cause, diesel motors are immune with vapor lock.
For any provided partial weight the gas efficiency of the diesel engine remains almost continual, because opposed with petrol plus turbine machines that employ proportionally more gas with partial energy outputs.
They generate less waste heat inside cooling plus exhaust.
Diesel machines could accept super- or turbo-charging stress without any all-natural limit, constrained just by the strength of engine components. This really is unlike petrol machines, that inevitably suffer detonation at high stress.
The carbon monoxide content of the exhaust is minimal.
Biodiesel is an conveniently synthesized, non-petroleum-based gas that could run straight inside countless diesel motors, when gasoline motors either require adaptation with run artificial fuels or otherwise employ them because an additive with gasoline.
The cause of the split combustion room is with accelerate the combustion task, inside purchase with heighten the force output by improving engine speed. The addition of the prechamber, still, increases heat reduction with the cooling program plus therefore lowers engine efficiency. The engine demands glow plugs for beginning. In an indirect injection program the air moves quickly, mixing the gas plus air. This simplifies injector shape plus enables the utilization of small machines plus less tightly toleranced designs that are easier with manufacture plus more reliable. Direct injection, by compare, utilizes slow-moving air plus fast-moving fuel; both the shape plus manufacture of the injectors is much more difficult. The optimisation of the in-cylinder air flow is more difficult than designing a prechamber. There is more integration amongst the shape of the injector as well as the engine. It is for this cause which auto diesel motors were most indirect injection till the willing accessibility of effective CFD simulation systems prepared the adoption of direct injection useful.[citation need

Toyota Landcruiser BJ HJ LJ 1972 - 1990 Diesel - Ellery Repair Manual NEW 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

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