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Toyota Landcruiser Diesel 60 70 80 series repair manual 1980-1998

The Toyota Land Cruiser is a series of four-wheel drive automobiles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota. The Land Cruiser show is the longest running series in Toyota history.

Production of the first generation Land Cruiser began in 1951 (90 units) as Toyota's form of a Jeep-like vehicle. The Land Cruiser has been made in convertible, hardtop, station wagon, and utility truck versions. The Land Cruiser's reliability and longevity has led to huge popularity, especially in South Sudan and Australia where it may be the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive vehicle. Toyota additionally extensively tests the Land Cruiser in the Australian outback — considered to be one of the toughest operating environments in both heat and terrain. Main rivals include the number Rover, Land Rover Discovery, Jeep Wrangler, Mitsubishi Pajero and Nissan Patrol. In Japan, the Land Cruiser is exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Store.

In 1941 the Imperial Japanese Army occupied the Philippines, where they found an outdated Bantam Mk II jeep, and promptly delivered it to Japan. The Japanese military authorities commanded Toyota to generate a similar car but to not model the appearance on the American Jeep. The prototype was known as the Model AK and was formally adopted by The Japanese Imperial Army as the Yon-Shiki Kogata Kamotsu-Sha

Later in 1941 the Japanese government asked Toyota to create a light truck when it comes to Japan army campaign. Toyota developed a half-ton prototype called the AK10 in 1942. The AK10 was built using reverse-engineering from the Bantam GP. The truck featured an upright front grille, flat top wheel arches that angled down and straight back like the headlights, FJ40 mounted above the wheel arches on either side of the radiator, and a folding windshield.

The AK10 used the 2259 cc, 4-cylinder Type C motor from the Toyota unit AE sedan with a three-speed manual transmission and two-speed transfer gearbox connected to it. There is no mechanical relationship between the AK10 and the postwar Toyota "Jeep" BJ. Most for the AK10's had been not positively utilized (unlike the U.S. Jeep) and there are almost no photographs from it in the battlefield.

The Land Cruiser 60 series was produced from 1980 through 1990 for most markets but the Cumana herbal in Venezuela proceeded until 1992 with regards to their local marketplace. It is actually a forward engine, four door wagon which can seat five to eight people. Like all Land Cruiser generations, it established fact in the off-road globe for its off-road abilities but was somewhat restricted by its awkward departure angles. The 60 series was available in the following solid exterior shades: Alpine White, Brown, Desert Beige, Freeborn Red, Royal Blue; and in the following metallic exterior colors: Charcoal Gray, Cognac, Gray-Blue, Rootbeer, Sky Blue, Stardust Silver.

1980 — The 60 series was introduced. While still keeping the rugged off-road characteristics of previous Land Cruisers, the 60 was designed to better compete in the emerging sport utility vehicle marketplace. The 60 was presented with a variety of comforts like air conditioning, a rear heater and an upgraded interior. The FJ60's "2F" gas engine had been left unchanged from the "40" series while six-cylinder 4.0 L 2H and four-cylinder 3.4 L 3B diesel engines had been added to the product range.

1981 — Land Cruiser sales exceeded 1 million and a high-roof version was introduced. The 60 series was introduced to South Africa when a stock Land Cruiser competed in the Toyota 1000 km Desert Race in the punishing wilds of Botswana.

1984 — This was the final year for the 40 series.

1984 — Alongside the 60 series, the 70 line was introduced.

1985 — The Direct-injection 12H-T turbodiesel engine was introduced.

1988 — The petrol engine was upgraded to a 4.0 L 3F-E EFI engine. The FJ62G VX-Series ended up being introduced permitting the Land Cruiser to be sold in Japan as a passenger automobile.

A sport utility vehicle or suburban utility vehicle (SUV) is actually a vehicle similar to a station wagon or estate car, usually prepared with four-wheel drive for on- or off-road ability. Some SUVs are the towing capacity of a pickup vehicle with the passenger-carrying room of a minivan or large sedan.

Popular in the late-1990s and early–mid-2000s, SUVs sales temporarily dropped as a result of large oil prices and a declining economy. The standard truck-based SUV is gradually being supplanted through the crossover SUV, which uses an automobile platform for lighter weight and better fuel efficiency, as a response to much of this criticism of sport utility cars. By 2010, SUV sales around the globe were growing, in spite of high gas prices.

Although designs differ, SUVs have historically been mid-size passenger vehicles with a body-on-frame chassis comparable to that found on light trucks. Early SUVs were mostly two-door types, and were offered with removable tops. But, consumer demand pushed the SUV market towards four doors, by 2002 all full-size two-door SUVs were gone from the market. Two-door SUVs were mostly carry-over models, and their sales were maybe not viable enough to warrant a redesign at the end of their design cycle. The Jeep Wrangler stayed as a compact two-door human body style, although it ended up being also joined by a four-door variant starting with the 2007 model year, the Wrangler Unlimited. The number of two-door SUV designs increased in the 2010s with the release of the number Rover Evoque and the Nissan Murano convertible, although both vehicles tend to be unibody.

Most SUVs are designed with an engine compartment, a combined passenger and cargo compartment, and no dedicated trunk such as in a station wagon body. Most full-size and mid-size SUVs have three rows of seats with a cargo area directly behind the last row of seats. Cargo barriers are often fitted into the cargo region to safeguard the vehicles occupants from injury from unsecured cargo in the event of sudden impact or deceleration.

SUVs tend to be known for large ground clearance, upright, boxy body, and high H-point. This can cause them to more likely to roll over due to their high center of gravity. Bodies of SUVs have recently come to be a lot more streamlined, however the sheer size and fat keeps their particular fuel economy poor.

Four-by-four (4x4) refers to the general course of vehicles. The first figure is normally the total wheels (more exactly, axle ends, which may have multiple wheels), and the second, the quantity that are powered. Syntactically, 4x2 means a four-wheel vehicle that transmits engine power to simply two axle-ends: the front two in forward-wheel drive or the rear two in rear-wheel drive.

The H is a 3.6 L (3,576 cc) inline 6, 12-valve OHV diesel engine. Bore is 88 mm and stroke is 98 mm, with a compression ratio of 21:1. Output is 95 PS (70 kW) at 3,600 rpm with 22.0 kgm (216 of torque at 2,200 rpm.

The 2H is a 4.0 L (3,980 cc) inline 6, 12 device OHV diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm, with a compression ratio of 20.7:1. Productivity is 105 PS (77 kW) at 3,500 rpm - later on production years 107 hp (80 kW) with 177 of torque at 2,000 rpm.

The 12H-T is a 4.0 L (3,980 cc) inline 6, 12 valve OHV turbocharged diesel engine. Bore is 91 mm and stroke is 102 mm, with a compression ratio of 18.6:1. Output is 134 hp (100 kW) at 3500 rpm with 232 of torque at 1,800 rpm.

The 60 series Toyota Land Cruiser was produce by Toyota Motor Company from 1980 to 1990. The 60 series Land Cruiser was a step up in comfort from the FJ55 model that preceded it. This was due in part to expanding demand for such a vehicle in Japan and the need to compete with Land Rover in the United States. the model 60 series debuted with both diesel and gasoline engine alternative, the 2F (gas) and 3B (diesel) engines. the 2F engine is similar engine that was in fact used for several years in the FJ40. Diesel variants of the 60 series were not sold in the United States.

The HJ60 was released in 1982. It ended up being equipped with an inline 6 tube diesel engine (2H) and many luxury features including an electrical moon roof and remote control mirrors. The FJ and BJ 60 series at some point grew to be the BJ61 and FJ61. A GX (luxury) version was eventually extra for the FJ and BJ 61.

The FJ62 was produced starting in 1984. However, the 62 model had been not offered in the U.S. until 1988. Information technology came with an automatic 4-speed transmission and electronic fuel injected 4.0L inline 6-cylinder engine (3FE).

In 1985 the 12H-T motor ended up being added to the 60 series in the HJ61. The 12H-T is a diesel engine with an immediate injection turbo setup.

There were over 2500 variations of the 60 series Land Cruiser sold all over world. Option packages had been available in certain markets called the G, VX, GX, GXL, and Sahara.

The 60 series began as basic as you possibly can obtain for an automobile (obviously this was the norm at that time). It had manual locks, glass windows, and mirrors, carbureted fuel delivery (or diesel outside the U.S.), a manual transmission, and solid front and rear axles. Even though later models had electric decorative mirrors, sunroofs, locks, glass windows, automated transmissions, and digital fuel injection, these components had been nevertheless very reliable.

Simplicity also delivers a specific amount of longevity. The less stuff there is, the less stuff there's to break. Besides simplicity additionally, there are a number of design components that include to the durability of the 60 series Toyota Land Cruiser. All 60 series Land Cruisers arrived with body-on-frame construction. Some modern SUVs and trucks still use this structure, but many light-duty SUVS or crossovers have transitioned to a unibody construction. The body-on-frame method will help keep your body from getting and twisting misaligned after years of driving on rough terrain. All 60 series also have a solid front axle. This is probably more durable than an independent suspension setup. This is hard to find in modern vehicles. Toyota even started putting Independent front suspension (IFS) on Land Cruisers in 1998 with the debut of the 100 series. The motors used in the 60 series are also a really durable component. Every engine that arrived in a 60 series was high quality.

The 60 series was the first attempt by Toyota to make the Land Cruiser a more passenger friendly auto. Information technology was a lot more comfortable to drive than its forerunner, the FJ55. However, it retained the rugged capabilities of the FJ55. Not all 60 Series Land Cruisers were sold with air cooling, but the A/C method that Toyota put in them works very effectively. The sound, seating proofing, and adjusted spring rate included with the comfortable ride compared to its predecessors.

Toyota Land Cruiser 60 70 and 80 series 4.0 and 4.2 litre Diesel Gregory Service and Repair Manual 1980-1998 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997


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